Study on Genetic and Non-Genetic Anemia Poverty Types and Their Relationship with Residential Areas

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Zahra m. Al-Hakak

Abstract

Anemia is the most common pathological condition in hematology. There are more than (400) types of anemia, can be divided into three main types: anemia caused by blood loss as in people with ulcers and hemorrhoids, during menstruation, at birth and anemia caused by dysfunction in the production of erythrocytes that occurs due to red blood cell damage this is called hemolytic anemia, and iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia at all. Through the results obtained from the AL- Hussein Teaching Hospital in the holy province of Karbala for the year (2018), found (152 )cases, of which (92) cases were males by (60.53%) and (60) cases were females by (39.47%). Thus, the incidence of females is lower than that of males. The number and percentage of anemia for each age group shows that the highest age group is (21-30 years) with (43) and (28.3%). The lowest age group was (+60) with (8) and (5.27%), the number of males infected (6) by (3.94%) and the number of females (2) by (1.31%). Types of anemia recorded in the research were hereditary and non- hereditary (other types)—hereditary number (14) by (9.21%). Types of hereditary anemia recorded were Thalassemia and Sickle by number and percentage respectively (9) and (5) by (5.92%) and (3.28%), The number and percentage of males and females of the two species, respectively, males (4) and (2) by (2.63%) and (1.31%), females with (5) and (3) by (3.28%) and (1.98%), The rate of hereditary anemia in males is higher than in females. Non-hereditary anemia was (138) by (90.79%), which is higher than hereditary anemia. The types of non-hereditary anemia recorded are six types (nutritional, hemorrhagic, inflammatory, tumor, immune and renal failure). In the residential sectors, the highest incidence was recorded in the center sector (90), (59.22%), while the lowest incidence rate was in the AL-huor sector (10), (6.57%). We concluded from the study that the incidence of males is higher than females and that the higher incidence was in the AL-center sector, which increased the disease in urban areas and less in rural areas.

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1.
Al-Hakak Z. Study on Genetic and Non-Genetic Anemia Poverty Types and Their Relationship with Residential Areas. IJPQA [Internet]. 25Jan.2013 [cited 2Jul.2020];11(01):74-2. Available from: https://www.ijpqa.com/index.php/IJPQA/article/view/974
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Research Article