Knowledge and Attitudes About the Human Papilloma Virus and Cervical Cancer Among A Sample of Paramedical Students in Baghdad Teaching Hospital

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Atta Ah Mousa Al-Sarray

Abstract

Objective: to determine the level of knowledge and attitude about the human papillomavirus and cervical cancer among asample of paramedical students in Baghdad teaching hospital. Methods: Across –sectional study was carried out for a period of seven month stating on 1st of August 2017to 30 Decmber 2017. Results: Mean age of study sample 20±9 higher percentage in the age groups 20-29 and lower percentage in the age groups (andGLT;20), most cases were females 52.96% and from urban area74.67% regarding level of education 34.21% from college of health andmedical; technologies ,28.95% College of Nursing,22.37% Baghdad medical institute ;14.47% from Al-mansour medical institute. Overall knowledge score , higher percentage of study sample (63%) had fair score of knowledge regarding Human Papilloma Virus and; age had no influence on knowledge score, Males had better knowledge the females students and; nursing andBaghdad; institute students displayed better knowledge compared to other students and; urban residence students display better knowledge score about HPV the association between knowledge score and gender and level of education and; residence was found to be statistically significant . Regarding attitude higher percentage of study sample more than 90% agree with the question (Having only one sex partner decreases the risk of acquiring HPV infection) andmore; than 80% agree with preventive measures such as Education on HPV and; cervical cancer better started at primary school.and; Condom prevents HPV virus equally as it prevents HIV transmission while( 54.93%) of study sample agree with the question Pap smear test is a screening test to detect cervical cancer . (46.38%) of study sample agree with HPV vaccine can prevent the development of genital warts and; cervical cancer. While ( 44.40 % ) of study sample agree with HPV vaccine is delivered in a series of 3 shots injection over 6 month schedule. Higher percentage (49.01%) of study sample had good attitude score while lower percentage 13.82% had poor score. Conclusion: The findings of this study conclude that the level of knowledge of paramedical student was fairly lacking; Males had better knowledge the females students and; nursing andBaghdad; institute students displayed better knowledge compared to other students, urban residence students display better knowledge score about HPV overall, their attitude score is good about the severity of cervical cancer and the benefit of HPV vaccination. Recommendation: Health education measures about mode of transmission, symptom, complication and methods of prevention especially vaccination program.

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Research Article