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Ionizing radiation considered as an immunosuppressive factor upon over dose of exposure. Radiation field workers usually following a periodic checkup to monitor changes in their clinical status. Cell Mediated Immunity (CMI) has an important cytokines that regulate this specific immunological process. This study estimated the Interleukins (IL-2, IL-12 and IL-18) levels in serum samples using ELISA technique. Serum samples were collected from X-ray Technicians (Radiography, Fluoroscopy and Computed Tomography Scan Technicians) working in AL-Muthanna governorate hospitals. A total of (60) technicians and (30) control were involved in this research. Results showed significant decrease in IL-2 levels and increase in IL-18 levels in test groups (technicians) as compared with controls. While, IL-12 levels did not show a difference; all obtained values were within normal range. Overdose of X-ray exposure caused CMI suppression via disturbing the levels of critical cytokines (IL-2 and IL-18) leading to CMI loss regulation.
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